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Facts about Australia

– Australia’s a sixth largest country of the world, as well as the only country that is a continent.

– Australia was originally called “New South Wales”.

– Australia is the lowest continent in the world, its average altitude above sea level is 330 m.

– Many people think that Sydney is the capital of Australia. In fact, Canberra was chosen as a compromise between Sydney and Melbourne, which is located at a distance of 248 kilometers from Sydney and 483 kilometers from Melbourne.

– “National” food in Australia is called Vegemite. In fact, this dish is processed yeast – very salty brown mass with a pungent odor. It should be spread on bread with a very thin layer.

– The world’s longest fence is located in Australia. It was built from 1880 to 1885 for protection from pests – Dingoes. Its purpose is to prevent the invasion of Dingoes into the fertile south-eastern part of the continent. Its length is 5614 km.

– The largest coral reef in the world is located here and is called Great Barrier Reef. It is also the largest organic formation in the world with length of 2000 kilometers. The reef is located in the Coral Sea off the coast of Queensland. In fact, it is a continuous series of reefs, separated from the mainland by a shallow lagoon.

– The Sydney Opera House – one of the most prominent and recognizable opera houses of the world. It is one of the symbols of Sydney and Australia in general.

– Australia possesses the largest part of Antarctica – Australian Antarctic Territory. It was declared by Britain and transferred to the management of Australia in 1933. This is the largest part of the Antarctic ever declared by any nation, covering an area of 5.9 million square kilometers.

– The amount of kangaroos in Australia exceeds the population of people three times.

– It is very dangerous sun here and you can easily get burned. Australian children are not allowed to go out of school without a hat because of the active sun. They say «No hat – no play».

– The amount of snow in the Australian Alps surpasses the Swiss Alps! Australian Alps are part of the Great Dividing Range in the eastern part of the continent, which stretches for 3500 kilometers from north to south through Queensland, South Wales and Victoria. Winter sports are very popular here.

– Australia is a continent with the largest number of poisonous animals! Among them:  various spiders, snakes, jellyfish and even a kind of octopus, which reaches only 10-20 cm in size. The bite of this octopus is painless, but after a few minutes it paralyzes and brings death. There is no antidote.

– Northern Australia is infested with crocodiles. Australian saltwater crocodile is one of the largest reptiles in the world. The cases of eating people are registered every week. These crocodiles are quite short – only 3-4 meters, but weigh about a ton.

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Blue ring octopus, Ambon, Indonesia

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