Fingal’s Cave. UK
Staffa Island, which lies at the Scottish coast of the United Kingdom, has a total length of 1 kilometer and half a kilometer wide. The island is a part of the Inner Hebrides. The island is composed of the same natural basalt columns with amazingly correct form as in the Giant’s Causeway. Most of the columns have a hexahedral shape, but there are also triangular and octahedral. This form is explained by the long process of crystallization of lava.
The columns of the island are covered with grass. Here you can find different animals such as goats and deer, there is also spring water. Its total area is 33 hectares and the highest point rises of 42 meters above sea level. It is a small island, but it has a whole system of caves that makes it special.
The largest of them was named after the giant Fingal (Finn MacCool from Ireland), hero of the Irish legends, who built the causeway connecting Scotland and Ireland. The island became famous in 1722 when he was visited by the famous an English naturalist Joseph Banks, who described the cave of Fingal.
The main hall of the Fingal’s Cave has a length of 75 meters, a width of 20 m and a height of 14 m. In Gaelic this cave was called An Uamh Binn (Musical Cave).
The bottom of the cave is covered with water, but you can get into the cave only on foot, using a trail surrounded by the magnificent basalt colonnade. The boat will not work, because the passage is very narrow.
But the cave is famous not for its basaltic formations, although it is certainly an incredible natural wonder. The fact that there is a terrific acoustics here. The walls and vaults are arranged by nature so that the noise of the water creates magical quiet sounds, folding almost into a melody. The huge hall of the cave echoes the sounds of the surf, and the whole cave literally sings. During the storm, a loud roar from the cave can be heard far in the sea. This justifies the ancient name of the cave.
Fingal’s Cave was glorified in poems pictures and music. At various times, it was visited by Queen Victoria, Sir Walter Scott, William Wordsworth, John Keats, Alfred Tennyson, and Jules Verne himself. Ingenious Mendelssohn wrote his famous overture “The Hebrides or Fingal’s Cave” after visited the cave in 1829, when he heard its impressive sound. In 1832, the artist Joseph Turner wrote the landscape, which captured the now famous cave.