Iguazu Falls. Brazil. Argentina
Unbelievable Iguazu Falls are located on the border of Brazil (state of Paraná) and Argentina (province of Misiones), at the intersection of the rivers Parana and Iguazu, on the territory of two national parks of the same name (Argentinean and Brazilian). Two-thirds of the cascades are on the Argentinean side of the river and it offers the most spectacular views. This is an enormous system of waterfalls with width of about 2700 meters, which includes 200-280 individual drops of different heights and widths – the number depends on the water level.
This sight is beyond words! An incredible amount of water rushes down from a height of 269 feet. And all you see around – a riot of colors of untouched nature, purity and beauty of the tropics. Iguazu Falls has a well-deserved place in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Site. In addition, in 2011, the Iguazu Falls were awarded the title of one of the seven natural wonders of the world. It is an integral part of the unique ecosystem of the jungle, protected by Argentinean and Brazilian national parks from both sides of the cascades.
The name “Iguazu” can be translated from the language of Guarani as “big water”. These waterfalls were formed after a major volcanic eruption, which caused the creation of a large crevice in the ground. Age of the basalt deposits, formed as a result of solidification of lava, is about 130-140 million years.
The largest waterfall of Iguazu is called the “Devil’s Throat”; in Spanish this ominous name sounds like Garganta del Diablo. This is a huge horseshoe-shaped waterfall, 82 meters high, 150 m wide and 700 m long. “Devil’s Throat” serves as a natural border between Argentina and Brazil. Among the other significant waterfalls we can distinguish “Two Sisters”, “Adam and Eve”, “Ramirez,” “The Three Musketeers.” The rocky terrain between the waterfalls is covered with dense thickets of diverse vegetation.
Iguazu Falls is one of the most popular tourist attractions in South America. Each year, about 1.5-2 million people come here to see this wonder of the world. For this purpose, special walkways stretching for 2 kilometers were constructed here. They connect the small islands protruding from the seething waters of the rivers between the waterfalls. In addition, there are special observation platforms, automobile roads and hiking trails, dozens of campgrounds and hotels.
You can enjoy a boat trip on the rivers Parana and Iguazu. There is also an opportunity to visit another attraction of these places – one of the largest hydroelectric power stations in the world – Itaipu Dam.