Jiaozhou Bay Bridge. China
Literally each city owns such a customary construction as bridge. It serves to get from one side to another. Each bridge in the world is a piece of art to some extent. China has gone even further in this matter having created truly an architectural masterpiece and simultaneously enlarging the lists of Guinness Book of Records.
Jiaozhou Bay Bridge is a bridge connecting the northern port city of Qingdao with the island and the industrial suburb of Huangdao, in Shandong province, eastern China. So, it is also called Qingdao Haiwan Bridge. Length of the bridge is 42.5 kilometers, nearly 26 km of which lie directly over the water. The bridge has no equal among the similar constructions, thrown across the water spaces, and therefore it deservedly takes its place in the record books as the world’s longest bridge over water.
Construction of the Jiaozhou Bay Bridge began in late 2007 and lasted four years. On June 30, 2011 the new bridge, connected the coasts of the bay in the Yellow Sea, was solemnly opened. The T-shaped road bridge, costing nearly $ 10 billion according to the statements of its developers, is able to withstand an earthquake of magnitude 8 points, the strongest typhoons and even hit of the vessel with displacement of 300 thousand tons (it is worth noting that it is an average price of the project, and different sources name different numbers – from 8 to 12 billion dollars). It took 10,000 employees who worked on its construction around the clock and at the same time on both ends of the bay; half a million tons of steel and two and a half million cubic meters of concrete to achieve such result.
Another impressive thing is located under the bridge! It is a tunnel, which shortens the distance from Qingdao to Huangdao by 29 kilometers. It is built at a depth of 81 meters below sea level. The length of the tunnel amounts 9.47 kilometers.
The bridge significantly reduces time and gasoline. In addition, it allows to reach the airport and it also improves the life of local residents. This sophisticated construction looks very beautiful from the bird’s-eye view, especially illuminated with colored lights and garlands at night. However, such an impressive and expensive facility is still the subject of disputes that the budget allocated from the state treasury was spent in vain, and does not justify its purpose.