Mount Roraima is a mesa or tepuis, located at the junction of Brazil (state of Roraima), Venezuela (Canaima National Park) and Guyana (the highest point of the country). It is also known as Roraima Tepui or Cerro Roraima. This incredible mountain range reaches a height of 2810 meters. The surface area of the plateau is 30 km².
This mountain is considered to be the oldest geological formation in the world. The singularity of this mountain is that it has no top, so from a distance it looks like a huge tree stump or a stone box.
The Indians consider it as a sacred place, and associate it with many myths. They call it the “navel of the earth”. According to the legend, the mighty goddess – the progenitor of all people – lives on the very top of the mountain. A kind of nebula and a permanent white cloud, enveloping Roraima, give this place an even greater inscrutability. The constant cloudiness around the mountain is attributed to the fact that the rivers Amazon, Orinoco and Essequibo originate at the foot of Roraima.
For a long time, the mountain remained hidden by a mystery. For the first time, this area was explored in 1835. This was done by the European explorer – the German scientist Robert Schomburgk. Majestic mountains impressed him, but the attempts to climb on one of them were not successful. But in 1884, these mountains were subjugated. Two British scientists Everard im Thurn and Harry Perkins, who reached the top of Mount Roraima, opened up all its secrets to the world. Exactly this report of the discoverers inspired Sir Arthur Conan Doyle to write his famous novel “The Lost World”.
The surrounding landscape resembles the fantastic world! Here you can see black rocks, hung with strands of waterfalls, colorful ponds, strange plants and rare animals. Almost the entire surface of the Roraima plateau is black. This is caused by the sun and the microscopic algae living in the upper layer of stone. The places which can’t be reached by the sunlight or which are regularly washed with water, you can see its real bright pink color.
The rocks here have a bizarre shape due to the different rate of destruction of the layers of sandstone. The landscape is truly awesome here! Water covers about the fifth part of the plateau. There are peat bogs, bright pink puddles, crystal-clear lakes, rapid rivers, channels of which are dotted with crystal rhinestone for several hundred meters. Nature of these mountains is of great interest for ordinary tourists and scientists. Here you will find beautiful flowers, strange insectivorous plants, colorful carpets of lycopods and moss. The local fauna can boast its unique representatives; most of them are endemic species. Many inhabitants of this area are painted in black, even dragonflies and butterflies. This place is also inhabited by capybaras, mice, lizards, several species of birds, spiders, tiny black toads, carnivorous leeches and scorpions. Roraima Plateau attracts great amount of lightnings – it is hard to find at least one tree, which wasn’t affected by their actions.
In 1993, the valley at the foot of Mount Roraima was the venue for the shooting of the famous sci-fi movie “Jurassic Park,” directed by Steven Spielberg. Unearthly landscapes inspire not only to write fiction novels, but also to create feature films, documentaries and even cartoons.
If you want to make a trip to the top of Roraima, you will be offered a special tour, which lasts for 6-10 days. Indian conductor will accompany you through the jungle, savannah, across the rivers.