Dead Sea. Israel. Jordan
The Dead Sea is the lowest point of the planet, a marvelous pantry of sea minerals and salts, an incredibly beautiful oasis in the desert and mountain terrain. Its healing properties attract tourists from all over the world. It is mysterious, legendary and truly unique place!
Depth of the Dead Sea amounts 377 meters. However, every year the water level reduces by 1 meter. Experts say that in 800 years the Dead Sea would turn into Dead Valley. At the same time, it is still the deepest salt lake in the world. Yes, actually it is a closed lake, which lies between Israel and Jordan, and is located 394 meters below the sea level. It is called a hypersaline lake which has no outlet to the sea. It contains a high concentration of salt and other minerals, the level of salinity of which is superior the ocean water.
The Dead Sea one of the most saline water bodies in the world (33.7%). Such an unusually high salt concentration allows people to easily float on the surface of the water in a natural way. You can read a paper or a book, without fear to wet it. This water is not suitable for living beings, though tiny bacteria and microfungi are still present here.
Length of the Dead Sea is 67 kilometers and the width at the maximum point amounts 18 kilometers. The main tributary of the lake is the Jordan River, which is located above the Rift Valley area. The Dead Sea represents two reservoirs: the north one which is wider and less salty, and the south one – small, near the shores of which people extract potash, bromine and various salts for chemical companies that produce the world famous cosmetics.
The area of the Dead Sea has become a major research center in the field of health and for good reason. Mineral content in the water is unique; there is practically no pollen and other allergens in the atmosphere, due to the large depth there is less ultraviolet in sunlight radiation and the atmospheric pressure is higher, which in general has a beneficial effect on the human health. A special benefit of this place lies in healing mineral mud. It has a wound-healing effect, and also it strengthens hair roots, eliminates dandruff and seborrhea. After the mud application the wrinkles are smoothed out and generally the aging process is slowed down.
The Dead Sea water effectively helps in the treatment of allergies, psoriasis, eczema, acne. It also enhances the blood circulation and improves metabolism, calms the nervous system, cleanses skin and improves its appearance and elasticity. Low humidity and high evaporation at high levels of bromide in the air increases metabolism, expands bronchial tubes and blood vessels, normalizes the activity of the nervous system. This combination of rich mineral water, sunlight filtered by the troposphere and dry air of the desert attracts many people. And it is far from the whole list of useful properties of this place.