The Great Ocean Road. Australia
One of the most scenic routes of the world is located in Australia. It is called Great Ocean Road (the official name – B 100). It is a two lane road, with a speed limit changing between 80 kilometres per hour and 100 kilometres per hour. The road stretches for 243 km along the south-west coast of Victoria between the cities of Torquay and Allansford.
The road was built between 1919 and 1932 by three thousand Australian soldiers and was conceived as a war memorial to the victims of World War I. Its assignment was to link the distant settlements of the coast, facilitate transportation of industrial wood and attract tourists.
This famed road has seen a lot in its life. In 1960 part of the road near Princetown was washed away into the ocean by the storm; in 1964 and 1971 the road near Lorne (a seaside town on Louttit Bay) was twice destroyed by the landslides; in 1962 and 1964 the road was closed due to the wildfires; in January 2011 the cliffs, hanging over the Great Ocean Road, have tumbled upon the road.
Although the road has undergone various disasters, it has been recognized as the world’s largest war memorial. In 1962, the organization of Tourist Development Authority admitted the Great Ocean Road as “the most picturesque road in the world”. In 2011, the Great Ocean Road was added to the Australian National Heritage List.
This remarkable road runs along the coast, wriggles deep into continent and passes through the vineyards and the rain forest. In addition, it passes through the mass of the most picturesque places, here you will find specially designed tours for the tourists and subscribe to some on any segment of the path.
Especially notable is the area around the town of Lorne. You’ll see many secluded forest hollows, which are cut by the majestic waterfalls and mountain streams. Kennett River occupies a particularly popular position among the travelers; here you can watch the quaint koalas. It is located half way between Lorne and Apollo Bay. The road passes through the Great Otway National Park, between the Apollo Bay and lowland Gellibrand. It is famous for its rare flora of the temperate rainforests of the South Australia – beautiful waterfalls and quiet lakes, Myrtaceae beech trees and treelike ferns.
The most famous place on the way of the road is a rocky group The Twelve Apostles near the coast of the Port Campbell National Park .